Nutrients that are necessary :Nutrients are food-based compounds that provide us with energy, the building blocks for repair and development, and substances that help regulate chemical processes. The following are the six most essential nutrients: Carbohydrates (CHO), Lipids (fats), Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water are all components of the human body.
Vitamins are micronutrients that have a variety of health benefits, including the following:
- Boosting your immune system will help you stop or postpone cancers like prostate cancer.
- Calcium absorption is facilitated by strengthening teeth and bones.
- Keeping the skin intact and assisting the body’s metabolization of proteins and carbohydrates
promoting good blood flow to the brain and nervous system
Nutritionists classify 13 basic vitamins into two categories: fat soluble and water soluble. Vitamins that are fat soluble include: – vitamin A – vitamin D – vitamin E – vitamin K Water soluble vitamins are: – vitamin B-1 (thiamine)
– vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamin)
– vitamin B-6
– vitamin B-2 (riboflavin)
– vitamin B-5 (pantothenic acid)
– vitamin B-3 (niacin)
– vitamin B-9 (folate, folic acid)
– vitamin B-7 (biotin)
– vitamin C
Minerals:The second form of micronutrient is minerals. Minerals are divided into two categories: primary and trace minerals. For optimum health, the body needs a combination of minerals from both classes.
Minerals are solid substances found in nature that can be made up of a single element or a mixture of elements (chemical compounds).
Minerals are made up of elements such as gold, silver, and carbon. Native elements are what they’re called.The atoms, ions, and molecules that make up a mineral are organised in space in a neat and orderly manner, according to well-defined geometrical shapes known as crystal lattices. The crystal lattice structure determines the form of the crystal as we see it. Rock salt, also known as kitchen salt, is a mineral made up of cubic-shaped crystals. Its crystal lattice is identical in form and is made up entirely of sodium.
Major minerals are: – – magnesium
Protein : is a macronutrient that every cell in the body requires for proper operation. Proteins serve a number of purposes, including: – ensuring muscle, bone, hair, and skin growth and development by – – forming antibodies, hormones, and other important substances and – acting as a fuel supply for cells and tissues when required
Amino acids, which are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, or sulphur, make up protein chemically. According to the National Institutes of Health, amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, which are the building blocks of muscle mass (NIH).
Fats : High-fat foods are often associated with poor health. Certain fats, on the other hand, are needed for optimal health.
Fats provide energy to the body and assist in a number of functions. However, it’s important to eat good fats like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats while reducing or eliminating saturated and trans fats. The following roles are supported by healthy fats: – blood clotting cell development – – constructing new cells – owering the risk of heart disease and diabetes type 2 – movement of the muscles -blood sugar levels in check -workings of the mind
Carbohydrates : Sugars, starches, and fibres are carbohydrate compounds found in fruits, grains, vegetables, and dairy products. Carbohydrates, one of the basic food groups, are central to a balanced diet, despite being maligned in trendy diets.”Carbohydrates are macronutrients,” explained Paige Smathers, a registered dietitian in Utah. “They are one of the three main ways the body obtains energy, or calories.” Carbohydrates are the body’s primary source of energy, according to the American Diabetes Association. Carbohydrates are so called because they contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen on a chemical basis.
The most important essential nutrient that an individual requires is water. Without water, a person can only live for a few days. Dehydration, even mild dehydration, can cause headaches and impair physical and mental performance.
Water makes up the majority of the human body, and every cell needs it to function. Water assists with a variety of tasks, including: – shock absorption flushing toxins out
– nutrient transport and constipation prevention
– hydration and lubrication
Clean, unsweetened water from the tap or bottled sources is the best source of water. People who dislike the taste of plain water can add a squeeze of lemon or other citrus fruits to make it taste better.